عنوان مقاله [English]
Despite the many logical innovations, Shamsuddin Samarqandi, a logician following Ibn Sina in the 7th century AD, is largely unknown in the history of Sinai logic; Don has made a highlight. The reason for this, from the point of view of this article, is that while turning attention to the discussion of the great logicians in the thousand-year history of Islamic logic, Samarkand's logical works, including his most important logical work, Al-Qustas's Commentary, are still manuscripts, just as Ibn Sinai, whose most important logical works (healing, salvation, gestures, al-Maktassar al-Awsat, etc.) were available. In this article, by highlighting some of Samarkand's most important logical innovations, we emphasize the importance of his scientific and logical character and point out the necessity of correcting Gransang's book Al-Qustas. In this work, Samarkandy takes note of the works of earlier logicians and the presence of the ideas of earlier logicians is well-known, so his innovations must be sought among his critiques of other logicians. At the same time he has also influenced the thinking of the later logicians. Access to this work seems to provide a well-documented, systematic description of Samarkand's innovative logical ideas and his placement in the history of Sino-logic.